Go (common meaning: "encircling game") is a board game for two players that originated in China more than 2,500 years ago. The game is noted for being rich in strategy despite its relatively simple rules.
Go is an adversarial game with the objective of surrounding more territory than one's opponent. As the game progresses, the board gets divided up into areas of territory, as outlined by groups of stones. These areas are then contested in local battles, which are often complicated, and may result in the expansion, reduction, or wholesale capture and loss of the contested area. It is often the case that a certain kind of "trade" goes on, where a player's loss in one part of the board can be compensated for or mitigated by a gain in another part of the board.
A basic principle of Go is that stones must have at least one "liberty" to remain on the board. "A liberty" is an open "point" (intersection) next to a stone. An enclosed liberty (or liberties) is called an "eye", and a group of stones with at least two separate eyes is said to be unconditionally "alive". Such groups cannot be captured, even if surrounded. "Dead" stones are stones that are surrounded and in groups with poor shape (one or no eyes), and thus cannot resist eventual capture.
The general strategy of Go is to expand one's territory where possible, attack the opponent's weak groups (groups that can possibly be killed), and always stay mindful of the "life status" of one's own groups. The liberties of groups are countable. Situations where two opposing groups must capture the other to live are called capturing races. In a capturing race, the group with more liberties (and/or better "shape") will ultimately be able to capture the opponent's stones. Capturing races and questions of life and death are examples of what makes go challenging.
The game ends when both players pass, and players pass when there are no more profitable moves to be made. The game is then scored: The player with the greater number of controlled (surrounded) points, factoring in the number of captured stones, wins the game. Games may also be won by resignation, for example if a player has lost a large group of stones.
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Because we have a lot of awesome features on FunNode, we prepared a short tour to help you realize the tip of the iceberg.
This will show your Go profile and tips on how to improve your elo rating and ladder rank.
Humans and bots are shown here with basic details. Your friends will be highlighted.
Top 25 players, based on Elo ratings, will be shown here. Registered players will receive a rating after 5 wins against rated opponents (including bots).
Take part in the ongoing ladder tournament and work your way up to 1st place! Top 25 will be shown here.
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Choose whether you want to create a new match, or join / watch / review a match.
Signed-in players can filter match types. Private matches allow you to set-up a password-protected match for your friends to join.
Customize your match by choosing timers and game-specific settings. Registered players have more options, including the 24-hours-per-move timer.
Choose whether to play a bot or other online players.
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Whether you're waiting for the server to respond, or waiting for players to join your match, this will show your current status. In-match, this will show the last move.
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